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What is IPM?


By Ralph H Maestre BCE

NYSDEC Defines it as

Integrated pest management (IPM) is a systematic approach to managing pests that focuses on long-term prevention or suppression with minimal impact on human health, the environment, and non-target organisms. IPM incorporates all reasonable measures to prevent pest problems by properly identifying pests, monitoring population dynamics, and utilizing cultural, physical, biological, or chemical pest population control methods to reduce pests to acceptable levels.

To practice IPM, you need an understanding of insects, weeds, and other pests in and around your home, but you don't have to be an expert. You can begin with the information in this brochure.

The Steps involved in an IPM program are as follows:

  1. Identify the pest by monitoring for it.
    1. This process helps establish the population density of the pest and the life cycle present at the time of the inspection
    2. Regular inspection visits or frequency of visits
      1. This is determined by the pest pressure in the area and the condition of the structure involved; it may be weekly, monthly, or seasonal
  2. Evaluate
    1. How did the pest get there?
      1. Did it just walk or fly in?
      2. Was it delivered with another item?
    2. Is this the right time to take action?
      1. What action is appropriate at this time?
        1. Physical removal
        2. Cleaning and Sanitizing
        3. Exclusion
        4. Chemical Application
  3. Prevention
    1. Removal of the four basic needs
      1. Water
      2. Food
      3. Harborage
      4. Temperature regulation
    2. Sanitation practices
      1. How often and at what time of day or night
    3. Exclusion or how do we prevent the pest from re-entering the structure?
      1. Using the correct materials in the correct locations or surfaces
      2. Creating a safe zone
      3. Monitoring incoming items
  1. Plan of Action
    1. Preparation requirements
      1. Labels
      2. Working with individual in need of assistance
      3. Working with agencies and regulations
      4. Establishing a time frame for preparation
      5. When to walk away
    2. Application of Pesticides
      1. Using the correct formulation
      2. Applying the correct amount
      3. Documentation requirements
  1. Monitoring and Re-Evaluation
    1. Did the Plan work?
    2. Revising the Plan of Action
    3. Informing the proper personnel of our finding and recommendations

Each location needs to be inspected prior to implementing a control method. The same size structure may have different needs due to the occupants within the structure, condition of the structure or age.

Cornell College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

IPM- integrated pest management- is your choice for solid science, sound solutions in dealing with pests. We promote safe, least-toxic solutions to both pest and pesticide problems.

What can IPM do for me? IPM helps you deal with pests-insects, plant diseases, weeds, and more-with methods that help keep health and environmental risks as low as possible while saving you money.

What's in a name? IPM is integrated because it brings together, or integrates, a range of biological, organic, cultural, mechanical, and chemical options for pest problems. And it's about management because you can only manage pests-you can't eliminate them, no matter what people say. Although IPM used to focus on insect pests, the range now includes fungi, bacteria, viruses, weeds, wildlife, and more.

Integrated pest management rarely relies on just one tactic-it integrates tactics to prevent pests entirely or reduce them to levels you can live with.

Good science. Good sense. IPM.